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Butterflies, belonging to the order Lepidoptera, are ecologically and economically important insects. This study was undertaken to assess the species diversity of butterflies in the moderately disturbed forests and along forest edges of Karjat, India. Bimonthly surveys were conducted by Modified Pollard Walk Method through walking transect during daytime. Forty five species were recorded as belonging to 33 genera in 5 families. The most dominant families were: Papilionidae (4 genera and 7 species), Pieridae (8 genera and 13 species), Nymphalidae (9 genera and 13 species), Lycaenidae (10 genera and 10 species) and Hesperiidae (2 genera and 2 species). It was observed that the diversity of species exists in the meadows, shrublands, moderately disturbed forests and along forest edges. It is concluded that the study area is a home to diverse species of butterflies and the same should be conserved by reducing human intervention that affects the flora and fauna of the area.
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