Review Article

CORONAVIRUS DISEASE (COVID-19) PSYCHOLOGICAL, BEHAVIOURAL AND INTERPERSONAL IMPACTS OF INFECTIOUS DISEASE OUTBREAKS: A REVIEW

MUNEESH KUMAR, AJAZ AHMED WANI, SANGEETA DEVI, IMTEYAZ AHMED

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 1-5

Coronavirus COVID-19 pandemic sweeps across the world, it is causing widespread concern, fear and stress all of which are natural and normal reactions to the changing and uncertain situation that everyone finds themselves in. WHO takes the impact of the crisis on people’s mental health very seriously and is monitoring the situation together with national authorities while providing information and guidance to governments and public. The current study was carried out to indicate that COVID-19 has negative psychological, behavioural and Interpersonal problems other than mortality. A review of the studies performed in other parts of the world showed that COVID-19 has caused several psychological impacts, including increased anxiety, stress and depression. By an increase in the prevalence rate of COVID-19 and its resulted restrictions, the level of stress, depression and anxiety increases, as well; therefore, raising public awareness of the disease and providing positive psychological programs in the media aimed at controlling stress can reduce anxiety in society.

Review Article

CHICKENPOX, REVIEW AND PREVALENCE VARICELLA VIRUS IN NINEVEH PROVINCE

ALI ADEL DAWOOD

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 6-14

Chicken pox is a seasonal, highly contagious disease caused by varicella virus. This virus belongs to the herpesviridae family. Although its symptoms are mild, the attention is meager to prevent its dispersal. Varicella virus proportion is high in developing countries because of the rapid spread between students as a result of indirect contact with instruments and secretions of a patient, droplets and airborne diffusion of vesicular fluid.

Aim: This study aimed to find out the prevalence of Varicella in Nineveh province sectors from 2005-2018. Our statistical analysis was brought out from all sections of the province.

Results: In the last decade, the number of cases has been increased in Iraq due to lack of health awareness in addition to the lack of vaccine. To reduce number of infections, it is necessary to follow up the patients and detect the virus mutations.

Conclusion: Isolation of patients may decrease virus spreading. Moreover, using of the novel methods for diagnosis are more significant as well as assign of the clinical features.

Review Article

OVERVIEW ON CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19)

PRADEEP KUMAR

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 15-20

Coronavirus (COVID-19) is an important public health emergency of international concern. Firstly COVID-19 was isolated from Wuhan market in China at 7 Jan. 2020. As of this time, there is no known effective pharmaceutical treatment; although it is much needed for patient contracting severs form of the disease. This virus causes respiratory infection in human including sneezing, coughing, cold and pneumonia while in animal it causes diarrhea and upper respiratory diseases. COVID-19 is transmitted human to human or human to animal via airborne droplets. This disease can be diagnosis on the basis of travel history from infected areas, common symptom or by laboratory confirmations. WHO advised to avoid public place, close contact to Coronavirus infected persons, wearing mask, sanitizing hands and maintain social distancing for prevention. It’s also advised infected pensions keep in quarantine center for 14 days or separate from other family member to single separate room, implementation of contact, droplet precaution, and airborne precaution, keep physical distances. Some countries are also using lopinavir/ritonavir, remdesivir, chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine drugs for treatment of Coronavirus but these are not efficient in cure of this disease. The aim of the systematic review of literature is to summarize the evidence regarding COVID-19, symptoms, pathogenesis and prevention/treatment.

Review Article

MATHEMATICS OF COVID-19 IN INDIA AND THEIR POSSIBLE CONTROL BY Allium sativum (L.)

HARSHITA KAUSHIK, VINAY KUMAR SINGH

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 21-27

SARS-CoV-2 belongs to the betacoronavirus genus. Betacoronaviruses infect mammals, are zoonotic pathogens, and can cause severe respiratory disease in human being. Till date there are no drugs or vaccine to control the infection of this pandemic disease. The present comprehensive review is therefore an effort to give detailed information about Allium sativum (Garlic) against nCoronavirus. The ayurveda and other traditional system of medicine in India described garlic and other medicinal herbs are used against various epidemics time-to-time. Alternatively, a number of literature noted that compounds extracted from garlic and other group of alliums such as allicin, diallytrisulfide, azoene and quercetin exhibit antiviral activity.

Case Reports / Case Studies

IMPACT AND INFECTION OF SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) IN INDIA: CURRENT STATUS

N. SRIDHAR, K. ELUMALAI, M. BARANITHARAN, M. MUTHULINGAM

Asian Journal of Advances in Medical Science, Page 28-30

Corona Virus Disease (COVID-19) is an RNA virus, and the trade impact of the epidemic for India. In humans, the transmission of SARS-CoV-2 can occur via respiratory secretions. Nosocomial transmission has been described as an important driver in the epidemiology of SARS, MERS and has also been documented in COVID-19. In India, totally were recorded (59662, and 182142), such as active cases (39834, and 89995), cured (17846, and 86983) death rates (1981, and 5164) at 10th and 30th May 2020. The case report provides an insight into the COVID-19 current situation and represents a picture of the current state of the art in terms of public health impacts.

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