Original Research Article

VERO CELL LINES EXPRESSING NUCLEAR LOCATION SIGNALS OF Penaeus merguiensis HEPANDENSOVIRUS: AN EARLY STUDY

DEWI SYAHIDAH, JENNIFER ELLIMAN, CONSTANTIN CONSTANTINOIU, LEIGH OWENS

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Volume 1, Issue 1, Page 1-10

Aims: Penaeus merguiensis hepandensovirus (PmeHDV) (GenBank No. DQ458781) is a shrimp hepatopancreatic parvovirus (HPV), belonging to subfamily Densovirinae. Transportation of Densovirinae into and out of nucleus is allowed by the binding of nuclear location signals (NLSs) to importins (Imp). PmeHDV has putative NLSs that need to be experimentally tested. The aims of this study is to determine if the three putative NLSs of PmeHDV are functioning by transfecting NLS-inserted-plasmid DNAs into Vero cell lines using a transfection reagent.
Place and Duration of the Study: Data for this study was collected from the Veterinary and Biomedical Sciences Laboratories at James Cook University (JCU) during the duration from May 2015 to December 2016. Methodology: Each plasmid has been synthetically inserted with each sequence of the putative NLSs and a
fluorescent protein. The presence of the NLS in the cell nucleus and cytoplasm was screened. The overlay of visualization of transfected plasmids is presented.
Results: It appears the NLSs are not functioning well as that the proteins are blocked at the nuclear membrane, probably linked to importin beta-1 and not frequently entering the nucleus. Our study demonstrated small noticeable differences in the outer nuclei within transfected-Vero cells with the experimental NLSs genes.
Conclusion: In conclusion, our fluorescent study was not sufficiently sensitive to be confident of the detection in NLS-transfected cells under different filters. The study of crustacean virus-host interactions using proxy cell cultures as models remains a major challenge.

Original Research Article

THE DETERMINATION OF NUTRITIVE VALUE OF FRUIT AND VEGETABLE WASTES USING DIFFERENT MATHEMATICAL MODELS

MAHMOOD HAMEDI

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Volume 1, Issue 1, Page 11-16

Background: This study was carried out in order to determine the nutritive value of fruit’and vegetable wastes using in suit technique. The objective of this study was to determine in situ CP degradability of fruit and vegetable wastes using nylon bag technique and survey to use this feed as animal feedstuffs.

Methods: Two fistulated wethers (35±1.8 kg) were used in the nylon bag method. The crude protein and dry matter disappearance were measured at 0, 4, 6, 8, 12, 16, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. CP (Crude Protein) degradability of carrot wastes at 96h was 64.56 that were higher than the vegetable waste and that showed significant differences (p<0.05). Dry matter degradability of vegetable wastes at 96h was 68.58 % that was the highest and shown significant differences (p<0.05).

Results: Results of this study were showed that model 4 for carrot wastes and model 2 for vegetable wastes were the best-fitted models. The output of this model showed that model 2 was the best model for measuring a Dry matter of carrot wastes and model 1 was better for measuring a Dry matter of other vegetable wastes.

Conclusion: Fruit and vegetable wastes showed high ruminal degradation of CP (Crude Protein) as same as other economical feedstuffs, and these can be used instead of other feedstuffs. It should also be noted that models 3 and 4 did not achieve convergence in vegetable wastes.

Original Research Article

COLLUSION AGAINST SECURITY IN IRAN AND UNITED KINGDOM

SAEED GHIYASVAND, SEYED MAHMOUD MIRKHALILI, SEYED HOSIEN HASHEMI

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Volume 1, Issue 1, Page 17-26

Criminal Policy Legislator in different countries Collision Decisive with Criminal Collaboration and Criminal Agreements. The reason for these dangers, the threats and devastating effects that such criminally and sometimes organised, cooperative partnerships, Especially In crimes against security, for the community Governance and independence in today's world, collusion of crime in all countries is a crime. Collusion analysis Particularly in Iran's legal and judicial procedures, it has not been well received, so there should be a serious shortage of theorising and the scientific commentary on this topic Reviewed. So, in this article the issue of collusion in Iranian law. Unfortunately, in only two articles, it has been mentioned that the collusion against internal and external security is in only two articles (Articles 610 and 611 of the Islamic Penal Code of 1996, not reproduced in the Islamic Penal Code of 2013). And has led to a lack of attention by the authors of the criminal rights of this crime and just pay attention to the subject of criminal conspiracy at the same level of Two Article. on the other hand, Collusion for crime It means the agreement and consent of two or more persons to commit a crime Which may be a plurality of criminals And agreed upon in the form of various offences or participation in the offense [1] Which is abeyance in the rules.

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