The present study was designed to determine the phytochemical and elemental composition of Hura crepitan seed grown in Akwa Ibom State, Nigeia. Standard methods of analysis were used. The result revealed that the concentrations of the phytochemicals were as follows: alkaloids (6.32± 0.41 mg/100g). saponins (9.07± 0.03 mg/100g), flavonoids (3.79± 0.03 mg/100g), tannins (23.11± 0.24mg/100) and cyanogenic glycoside (1.9 ± 0.01mg/100g). The results of the elemental composition revealed the following: Iron (0.10± 0.00mg/100g), potassium (12.45 ±0.00mg/100g), magnesium (5.73 ± 0.03 mg/100g), zinc (4.20 ± 0.00 mg/100g ) , calcium (9.07 ± 0.74 mg/100g), sodium (2.12 ± 0.04mg/100g) and phosphorus (3.29 ± 0.06mg/100g). The study showed that the plant contain very high amount of tannins. This may be responsible for its medicinal properties. The result of the elemental composition indicates that Hura crepitan seed could serve as a source of nutrients for human consumption.
This Research Article is an effort to study the relative variations in respect of rearing performances and to study the impacts of zonal differences on the productivity and qualities of tasar cocoons of three mutant strains viz; Daba–blue, Daba–yellow and Daba–almond of tasar silk worm, A. mylitta D. Results obtained are indicative of the fact that the three mutant strains of Tasar Silk Worm differ among themselves in respect of their rearing performances. The performances of Daba–blue in respect of rearing performances have been found evidently better than the Daba–yellow and Daba–almond. Further, zonal differences influence the relative performances of mutant strains of Antheraea mylitta D in respect of productivity and quality of tasar cocoons. The results have clearly shown that the productivity and quality of tasar cocoons of Jharkhand and Madhya Pradesh zones are relatively better and superior to Orissa, West Bengal and Bihar Zones of tasar producing states. The performances of Daba–blue in respect of productivity and qualities of tasar cocoons have been found evidently better than the Daba–yellow and Daba–almond. The results obtained appear to be the outcome of genetic variability among the three mutant strains of A. mylitta D. on account of relative differences in their physio–genetic makeup. Results obtained are indicative of the fact all the three mutant strains of A. mylitta D. in spite of relative differences have registered their supremacy over the control (Daba–green) on account of desired beneficial mutation in relation to their breeding activities. Thus the evolution of three distinct mutant strains of tropical tasar silkworm is in the larger interest of tasar culture.
The last decade has seen phenomenal growth in online sales around the world. This paper studies the impact of the risk associated with using the Internet, attitudes towards a website's security features and the convenience associated with online shopping, and how the three together affect the intention to shop online. Multiple regression was used to conduct the study. Cronbach's alpha and other tools to verify the reliability and validity of the data were applied correctly and the values were satisfactory. Attitude towards website security was found to have the greatest impact on online purchase intent, followed by the convenience of online shopping. It also appears that the risk associated with internet use is negatively linked to the intention to shop online. It is suggested to highlight the security features of online stores and mitigate the risk associated with the use of the Internet. Online stores should emphasize the convenience of browsing and ordering from online stores.
The aim of this paper is to study the different provisions of constitution of India which deals with Judicial review. Under the constitution of India, the scope of judicial review has been extremely widened. Judicial review in India is based on the assumption that the constitution is the supreme law of the land and all the governmental organs, which owe their origin to the constitution and derive their powers from its provisions, must function within the framework of the constitution. Unlike the U.S.A., the constitution of India has not made express provision for judicial review. The scope of judicial review is present in several articles of the constitution, such as Article 13, 32, 141, 226 and 227. Thus, the doctrine of judicial review is firmly rooted in India and in this sense it is on a more solid footing than it is in America.
This paper is an attempt to study the evolution and development of concept of judicial review in India. Judicial review is basically an aspect of judicial power of the state which is exercised by the courts to determine the validity of a rule of law or an action of any agency of the state. It originated in English legal system and became a very important principle in the systems of government based on Rule of Law. The Constitution of U.S.A. makes no specific reference to the judicial review of legislation. However, Chief Justice Lord Coke’s decision in Bonham’s laid down the foundation of Judicial Review of legislation in the United States of America, which has now become one of the most outstanding features for the operation of that Constitution. In India, judicial review is not an event of sudden emergence but its gradual evolution depended on the constitutional ideas in different stages of Indian constitutional history. Constitution of India, 1950 explicitly establishes the Doctrine of Judicial Review under various Articles of the Constitution.