Original Research Article

EFFECT OF Prosopis africana (African mesquite) OIL AS A PHYTOGENIC FEED ADDITIVE ON HAEMATOLOGY AND SERUM BIOCHEMICAL INDICES OF BROILER CHICKEN

J. O. ALAGBE

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 16-24

This experiment was conducted to examine the effect of Prosopis africana (African mesquite) oil as a phytogenic feed additive on the haematology and serum biochemical indices of broiler chicken. GC-MS analysis of Prosopis africana oil (PSO) revealed the presence of 21 bioactive chemicals with therapeutic properties. A total of 540 1-day old broiler chicks (Ross 307) were randomly assigned to 6 treatments with six replicates consisting of 15 birds each in a completely randomized design. Treatment 1 (T1) (basal diet + 0% PSO), treatment 2 (basal diet + 1.5 g/kg neomycin), T3, T4, T5 and T6 were fed basal diet with PSO at 100 mg, 200 mg, 300 mg and 400 mg/kg feed respectively. The experiment lasted for 56 during which fresh water and feed were offered ad libitum. Vaccination was also carried out and all other management practices were strictly observed. Result from the analysis revealed that red blood cell, pack cell volume, haemoglobin concentration, mean corpuscular volume, mean corpuscular heamoglobin, mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration, white blood cells and its differentials were significantly (P˂0.05) different among the treatments. Feeding broilers with PSO resulted in lower values of heterophils/lymphocytes ratio (P˂0.05). Similarly, all the serum biochemical parameters (albumin, globulin, glucose, cholesterol, ALP, AST and ALT) were significantly (P˂0.05) influenced by the treatments; expect for creatinine, urea, triglycerides, LDL and HDL values that were not significantly (P˃0.05) different among the treatments. It was concluded that PSO could be included up to 400 mg/kg diet of broilers without causing any negative effect on the health status of the animal.

Short Research Articles

DETERMINANTS OF VALUE OF FIRM FOR INFRASTRUCTURE INDUSTRY: AN EMPIRICAL EXAMINATION IN INDIA

T. MANJUNATHA

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 9-15

The paper aims at ascertaining the determinants of market value of infrastructure industries in India. We use the financial data of three hundred and fifty-four Indian infrastructure companies. The results of the study show that independent variables viz. long-term debt to total asset, total debt to total assets ratio emerge as determinants of total market value of firm for construction, telecommunication, steel and cement industry. Further, none of the independent variables are able to determine of market value and market capitalisation of firm for construction, power, telecommunication, steel and cement industry during the study period. Implication of the study may be used by researchers to compare with other foreign infrastructure companies to understand the determinants of value of firm of the infrastructure industry.

Review Article

THE CURRENT IRRIGATION POTENTIAL AND IRRIGATED LAND IN ETHIOPIA: A REVIEW

BELACHEW MUCHE MEKONEN, DEMSEW BEKELE GELAGLE, MINYBEL FENTAHUN MOGES

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 1-8

A review of recent studies on irrigation water potential and irrigated land in Ethiopia was conducted from the historical point of view up to the present and the future. This review discusses Ethiopian current irrigation potential, water resources and irrigated land current and its contributions to the national economy, challenges and opportunities, and future development perspectives. Ethiopia is noted for having abundant surface and groundwater resources, earning it the nickname "the water tower of East Africa." A large number of lakes, dams, and reservoirs may also be found in Ethiopia's varied regions. Despite significant investment, public engagement, and government strategic support, irrigated agriculture is far from reasonable. Compared to Ethiopia's irrigation potential, the country's current irrigation development is insignificant. As a result, irrigation not play a key role in reducing food insecurity and thereby poverty. When analyzing Ethiopian irrigation, different kinds of literature reflect varying amounts of irrigation water resources as irrigation potentials, current irrigated area, and so on. As a result, there is no systematic and trustworthy inventory of water and irrigation-related potentials in Ethiopia that has been well-studied and documented. Compared to Ethiopia's irrigation potential, the country's current irrigation development is insignificant. Furthermore, even if the present and the potential irrigated area is not well explored. The data and information needed to fully understand the present irrigation schemes are not uniformly available. While data for medium and large schemes can be accurately captured, accounting for small-scale irrigation development, particularly traditional irrigation development and privately developed household-based irrigation schemes that use traditional diversions, water harvesting, and groundwater development is difficult. Different sources report different amounts of irrigation water resources as irrigation potentials, current irrigated area, and so on. This means that Ethiopia's irrigation water resource potential has not been thoroughly researched or documented. As a result, a thorough investigation is required to reach a consensus among researchers. When it comes to irrigation in Ethiopia, different kinds of literature state differing amounts of irrigation water resources as irrigation potentials, as well as the current irrigated area. This means that Ethiopia's irrigation water resource potential has not been thoroughly researched or documented. This requires a thorough investigation that leads to a consensus among researchers. No regular and dependable inventory has been thoroughly researched or documented. Furthermore, even if the existing or potentially irrigated area is not precisely explored.

Review Article

PATHOPHYSIOLOGY, INVESTIGATIONS, AND TREATMENT OF PATIENTS WITH IMMUNE THROMBOCYTOPENIC PURPURA

OMAR ELSAKA, MONEER AYMAN NOURELDEAN, MOHAMED ADEL GAMIL, MOSTAFA TAREK GHAZALI, ASHRAF HAMADA ABD AL-RAZIK, DALIA HISHAM

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 35-43

In otherwise healthy children or adults, immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) has a low platelet count, usually less than 100,000, in the presence of common petechiae, bruises, or bleeding. It is explained that there is. ITP is most commonly found in children of all ages, not just adults. This activity describes the role of an inter-expert team in the evaluation and treatment of patients with immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The aim of this review article is to determine the etiology of immune thrombocytopenic purpura, formulate the patient's unique presentation with ITP, interpret general physical exam findings associated with ITP, and improve coordination of care among international team members. Outcomes will be discussed for patients with ITP.

Mini Review Article

A REVIEW ON TROPICAL FRUIT: JACKFRUIT (Artocarpus heterophyllus)

SUDIPTA SAHA, MANOBENDRO SARKER, AHMED REDWAN HAQUE, TANVIR AHMED NAYEEM, ABU RASHED MD. MAUKEEB

Asian Journal of Advances in Research, Volume 13, Issue 2, Page 25-34

Jackfruit, a tropical fruit of the family Moraceae and genus Artocarpus, is usually preferred due to its subtle sweet taste and fruit flavor. However, this fruit has an impressive nutrient profile, which is comparable to shredded meat by Vegans and vegetarians. It contains a lot of fiber, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, low fats, and protein (more than 3 gm/cup), making jackfruit unique from other fruits. Jackfruit also keeps for various medicinally important compounds, mainly antioxidants, carotenoids, flavanones, and vitamin C, and as a result, its consumption has a positive impact on human health. Various health benefits have been reported with jackfruit intake, such as immune health, preventing skin problems, cardiovascular disease prevention, blood sugar control, anti-aging, anti-cancer, anti-ulcer, antiviral, and anti-inflammatory. The present study attempted to review the morphology, production, consumption, nutritional value, and health-promoting benefits of jackfruit.

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