Main Article Content
Sprouted potatoes were used for rearing of mango mealy bug, Drosicha mangiferae (Green). Newly emerged 1st instar nymphs were inoculated in the sprouted potatoes and then reared up to adulthood. The duration of each life cycle stages were calculated by keeping close watch on timings of each molting by locating shed exuviae. The total life cycle periods of female and male was different. Females completed the its life span in 121.65±9.32 days whereas in male a little shorter duration of 111.4±11.96 days was required for the completion of life cycle. The life cycle of this mango mealy bug became complicated due to the presence of egg diapause which lasted for almost six months starting from May (last week) to January (1st week) of the next year. Both male and female developed in the same manner till the development of 3rd instar but thereafter due to an intervening pupal stage in the male developmental pattern became different in both sexes. The longevity of female adult was found to be much higher (34.1 & 40 days) than male adults (16.1 &15 days) in two years of study. Till the development of 3rd instar, morphometric measurents of male and female instars were 1st instar, 1.586±0.078 × 0.792±0.031 mm, 2nd instar, 4.82±0.081 × 2.77±0.064 mm, 3rd instar 16.32±0.50×6.82±0.66 mm respectively. Pupa measured 18.2±0.78 x 8.19±0.14 mm. A distinct sexual dimorphism was noticed. The adult females were white and wingless. On the contrary, males were crimson colored having brownish black forewings. Female adults achieved highest mean length × breadth with a measurement of 23.8±1.75×8.4 ± 0.115 mm and males grew upto 10.54±0.36×4.14±0.052 mm. The sex ratio was inclined towards female as 0.475:1 (male: female). This study was undertaken to establish life cycle parameters of the pest which will help pest managers and farmers to formulate control strategies much ahead of the pest attack.
Sathe TV, Shendge N, Khairmode PV, Kambale C, Patil SS, Desai AS. Incidence and damage of mealy bug Droschia mangiferae Green (Hemiptera: Coccidae) on mango Mangifera indica L. from Kolhapur District, INDIA. International Journal of Science, Environment and Technology. 2014;3(3):905-909.
Sahoo SK, Jha S. Bio-ecology of mango fruit borer, (Autocharis = Noorda) albizonalis Hampson (Pyralidae Lepidoptera) - A recent threat to mango growers in West Bengal, India. Acta Horticulture. 2009;(820):1345-1425.
Bhattacharyya M. Impact of ecological factors on the infestation of mango red banded caterpillar. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2014;2(4):68-71.
Anonymous. Report of joint inspection team, Major Horticultural Crops in Malda District, West Bengal; 2017.
Ishaq M, Usman M, Asif M, Khan LA. Integrated pest management of mango against mealy bug and fruit fly. Journal of Agriculture and Biological Science. 2004;6: 452-454.
Tandon PL, Verghese A. World list of insect, mite and other pests of mango. Technical Document No. 5, IIHR, Banglore; 1985.
Rao CN, Shivankar VJ, Shyam S. Citrus mealy bug (Planococcus citri Risso) management - A review. Agricultural Review. 2006;27(2):142-146.
Arif MI, Rafiq M, Ghaffar A. Host plants of cotton mealy bug (Phenacoccus solenopsis): A new menace to cotton agro-ecosystem of Punjab, Pakistan. International Journal Agriculture and Biology. 2002;11(2): 163-67.
Bhagat KC. Mango mealy bug, Drosicha mangiferae (Green) (Margarodidae: Hemiptera) on Ashwagandha - a medicinal plant. Insect Environment. 2004;10 (1):14.
Moore D. Biological control of Rastrococcus invadens. Review article. Biocontrol News and Information. 2004;25:17-27.
Karar H, Arif J, Hameed A, Ali A, Hussain M, Shah FH, Ahmad S. Effect of cardinal directions and weather factors on population dynamics of mango mealy bug, Drosicha mangiferae (Green) (Margarodidae: Homoptera) on Chaunsa cultivar of mango, Pakistan Journal of Zoology. 2013;45(6):1541-1547.
Atwal AS. Insect pests of mango and their control. Punjab Hort. J. India.1963;3:238–245.
Kumar A, Pandey SK, Kumar R. Population dynamics of mango mealy bug, Drosicha mangiferae Green from Jhansi, Uttar Pradesh Biol. Fr. 2009;1(2):77-79.
Gautam RD. Biological pest suppression. Westville Publishing House, New Delhi; 2008.
Bhau B, Ushankar U, Abrol U. Studies on host range and biology of mango mealy bug (Drosicha mangiferae) in Jammu Region. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 2017; 6(9):230-240.
Ashfaq M, Khan RA, Khan MA, Rasheed F, Hafeez S. Complete control of mango mealy bug using funnel type slippery trap. Pakistan Entomology. 2005;27(1):45-48.
Atwal AS. Insect pests of mango and their control. Punjab Horticulture Journal. 1969;3 (2-1):235-58.
Chandra A, Singh KM, Bhatti DPS. Egg laying behaviour of gravidfemales of mango mealy bug, Drosicha mangiferae Green is influenced by soil moisture regimes. Indian J Entomol. 1989;51:101-104.
Singh R, Prasad CS, Kumar D, Kumar H, Kumari N. Study on biology of mango mealy bug, Drosicha mangiferae (Green), (Tephritidae:Diptera). South Asian J. Food Technol. Environ. 2015;1(2):170-174.
Srivastava RP. Mango insect pests and their management. In: Mango cultivation. International Book Distribution Co. Lucknow; 2000.
Tandon PL, Lal B. Comparative efficacy of synthetic garlic oil with some modern insecticides against Drosicha mangiferae Green. Progressive Horticulture. 1979;12(3): 62-65.
Amarasekare KG, Mannion CM, Osborne LS, Epsky ND. Life history of Paracoccus marginatus (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) on four host plant species under laboratory conditions. Enviromental Entomolology. 2008; 37:630-635.
Vennila S, Deshmukh AJ, Pinjarkar D, Agarwal M, Ramamurthy VV, Joshi S, Kranthi KR, Bambawale OM. Biology of the mealybug Phenacoccus solenopsis on cotton in the laboratory. Journal of Insect Science. 2010;10: 115.
Chandra A, Bhati DPS, Singh KM. Bionomics of mango mealy bug Drosicha mangiferae Green. Bulletin of Entomology.1987 28 (2): 145-52.
Mani Chellappan, Lawrence L, Ranjith MT. Biology and morphometry of Paracoccus marginatus Williams and Granara de Willink (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Entomon. 2013; 38(2):97- 110.
Singh R, Prasad CS, Kumar D, Kumar H, Kumari N. Study on biology of mango mealy bug, Drosicha mangiferae Green, Tephritidae: Diptera. South Asian J. Food Technol. Environ. 2015;1(2):170-174.
Rahman KA, Latif M. Description, bionomics and control of giant mealy bug Drosicha stebbingi Green (Homoptera: Coccoidae). Bull Entomol Res.1944;35:197-209.
Singh A. Probable agricultural biodiversity heritage sites in India: XIII. Lower Gangetic Plain or Delta Region. Asian Agricultural-History. 2012;16(3):237-260.
Beesan CF. The ecology and control of the forest insects of India and the neighboring countries. The Vasant Press, Dehradun, India; 1941.
Chrysantus MT, Ekesi S, Govender P, Mohamed AS. Effect of six host plant species on the life-history and population growth parameters of Rastrococcus iceryoides. (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae). Florida Entomologist. 2013;96(3): 1030-1041.
Tanga MC. Bio-ecology of the mango mealybug, Rastrococcus iceryoides Green (Hemiptera: Pseudococcidae) and its associated natural enemies in Kenyaand Tanzania. PhD Thesis, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. 2012.
Bethke JA, Redak RA, Schuch UK. Melon aphid performance on chrysanthemum as mediated by cultivar and deferential levels of fertilizationand irrigation. Entomol. Exp. Appl. 1998.88: 41-47.
Slansky JE, Rodriguez JG. Nutritional ecology of insects, mites, spiders and related invertebrates: An overview Slansky Jr, Rodriguez JG [eds.], John Wiley & Sons, New York, USA;1987.
Chakraborty K, Sarkar A, Nandi PS. Incidence of mango mealy bug Drosicha maangiferae (Coccidae: Hemiptera) in the agro-climatic conditions of the upper gangetic plain of West Bengal. India. I.J.S.N. 2015;6(4):568-575.
Das T, Chakraborty K. Seasonal occurrence and record of alternative host plant of mango mealy bug, Drosicha mangiferae in relative to climatic parameters at Malda, West Bengal. The Pharma Innovation Journal. 2018;7(9):55-61.
Nandi PS, Chakraborty K. Effect of temperature ramping on the mortality of mango mealybug, Droschia mangiferae under laboratory conditions. J. Entomol. Zool. Stud. 2015;3(3):469-474.
Okasha AYK. Effects of high temperature in Rhodnius prolixus (Stal.). Nature, Lond. 1964; 204,1221-22.
Wigglesworth VB. The action of growth hormones in insects. In The Biological Action of Growth Substances. Symp. Soc. Exp. Biol. XI. 1957;204-27.
Most read articles by the same author(s)
- PARTHA SARATHI NANDI, CULTIVAR PREFERENCE PATTERN AND AMYLOLYTIC ENZYME ACTIVITY OF MANGO MEALY BUG (Drosicha mangiferae G.) FED ON DIFFERENT HOST PLANT CULTIVARS , UTTAR PRADESH JOURNAL OF ZOOLOGY: 2020 - Volume 41 [Issue 2]