Main Article Content
Existing research was focused on Heterogeneity of butterflies in Sarapdad region, Rajkot, Gujarat, India. The Bi weekly survey was conducted from June 2019 to February 2020. The survey was conducted using the Fix transect method. During the study, 38 species of butterflies were observed and from 5 different families. 9 species (23.68%) from the family Nymphalidae, 9 species (23.68%) from the family Lycaenidae, 15 (39%) from the Pieridae family, 4 (11.12%) from the Papilionidae family and single species (2.7%) from the Hesperiidae family was recorded. The most represented family was the Pieridae and the less frequently observed family was Hesperiidae. The highest butterflies were recorded during the Post-monsoon and the smallest number of butterflies observed during the winter.
May PG. Flower selection and the dynamic of lipid reserve into nectarous butterfly. Ecology. 1992;73:2181-2191.
Gohil VH, Raval Jatin V. Butterfly diversity, seasonality and status at Junagadh, Gujarat, India. International Journal of Environment, Ecology, Family and Urban Studies. 2019;9(2):15-28. Edition: Apr-2019.
Pollard E. Changes in the flight period of the Hedge Brown butterfly Pyroniatithonus during range expansion. Journal of Animal Ecology. 1991;60:737-748.
Tiple D. Butterflies of Vidarbha region Maharashtra, Indian a review with and implication for conservation. Journal of Threaten Taxa. 2011;3(1):1469-1477.
Gowda RHT, Kumara V, Pramod AF, Hosetti BB. Butterfly diversity, seasonality and status in Lakkavalli range of Bhadra wildlife sanctuary, Karnataka. World Journal of Science and Technology. 2011;1(11):67-72.
Scott JA. The butterflies of North America. A Natural History and Field Guide, Stanford University Press. Stanford; 2001.
Parasharya BM, Jani JJ. Butterfly of Gujarat, Anand Agriculture University, Anand, Gujarat. 2007;1-138.
Garczyk Z, Stach S, Talu S, Sobola D, Wrobel Z. Stereometric parameters of butterfly wings. Journal of Biomimnetics, Biomaterials and Biological Engineering. 2017;31(1):1- 10.
Suryanarayana K, Harinath P, Naidu AS, Venkata Ramana SP. Checklist of butterfly in seshachalam bio-reserve forest - Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh - India. European Academic Research. 2016;4:5.
Kunte KJ. Butterflies of peninsular India. Indian Academy of Science, Bangalore and University Press, Hyderabad; 2000.
Tiple AD, Deshmukh VP, Dennis RLH. Factors influencing nectar plant resource visits by butterflies on a university campus: Implications for conservation. Nota Lepidopteralogica. 2006;28:213-224.
Parikh P, Ahir K. Diversity of butterfly in Gir protected area, Gujrat. Biodiversity and Insect Pest Management; 2001.
Battist A. Phytophagous insect in the energy flow of an artificial stand of Pinus nigra Arnold in Northern Italy. Redia. 1988;71(1):139-160.
Pawar PA, Deshpande VY. Butterfly diversity of Satara Tehsil, district Satara Maharastra. International Journal of Applied Science. 2016;2455-4499.
Talu S, Morozov IA, Sobola D, Skarvada P. Multifractal characterization of butterfly wings scales. Bulletin of Mathematical Biology. 2018;80(Springer 11):2856-2870.
Khodbhaya Rahul K, Raval Jatin V. A comparative study and seasonality of butterfly fauna at two selected sites, Junagadh, Gujarat, India. CIBTech Journal of Zoology. 2020;9: 10-20. Centre for Info Bio Technology (CIBTech) 10. ISSN: 2319–3883.
Wijesekara A, Wijesinghe DP. History of insect collection and review of insect diversity in Sri Lanka. Ceylon Journal of Science (Biological Science). 2003;31:43–59.
Chakravarthy AK, Rajagopal D, Jagannatha R. Insects as bioindicators of conservation in the tropics. Zoo’s Print J. 1997;12:21-25.
Nair AV, Mitra P, Bandyopadhyay SA. Study on diversity and abundance of butterfly fauna in and around Sarojini Naidu College Campus, Kolkata, West Bengal, India. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies. 2014;2(4): 129-134.
Iqbal W, Malik MF, Hussain M, Ashraf H, Sarwar MK, Azam I, Umar M. Butterfly diversity; district Gujarat, Punjab, Pakistan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Science (JBES). 2016;9(2):235-243.
Pollard E, Elias DO, Skelton MJ, Thomas JA. A method of assessing the abundance of butterflies in Monks Wood National Nature Reserve in 1973. Entomologist’s Gazette. 1975;26:79-88.
Walpole MJ, Sheldon PR. Sampling butterflies in a tropical rainforest: An evaluation of a transect walk method. Biological Conservation. 1999;87:85-91.